University of Arizona

Access restricted to University of Arizona affiliates

Reason: Dataset is for research use by University of Arizona affiliates only. Sharing and/or redistribution of any portion of this dataset is prohibited.

ReferenceUSA Historical Business Datasets

Version 2 2024-02-01, 21:00
Version 1 2021-08-30, 21:40
posted on 2024-02-01, 21:00 authored by University of Arizona LibrariesUniversity of Arizona Libraries

Dataset available only to University of Arizona affiliates. To obtain access, you must log in to ReDATA with your NetID. Data is for research use by each individual downloader only. Sharing and/or redistribution of any portion of this dataset is prohibited.

The ReferenceUSA datasets from Data Axle (formerly Infogroup) contain establishment-level data about US businesses in annual snapshots from 1997-2021 and can help users create marketing plans and conduct competitive analyses. Each year has 53-94 indicators, with documentation for layouts found in Codebooks for 2015, 2017, and 2019 are missing, but all file layouts for 2014-2021 are identical.

The University of Arizona University Libraries also subscribe to Data Axle Reference Solutions which provides this data in a searchable, online database with historical data available going back to 2003.

NOTE: The uncompressed datasets are very large.

Detailed file descriptions and MD5 hash values for each file can be found in the README.txt file.

For inquiries regarding the contents of this dataset, please contact the Corresponding Author listed in the README.txt file. Administrative inquiries (e.g., removal requests, trouble downloading, etc.) can be directed to